The estimated population for Belize as of July 2013 is 334 297 inhabitants (1) , it is the smallest country in the region.


For the year 2012, the IOM estimated a total of 50,243 immigrants in Belize, that is, 15% of the total population. The main countries of origin were: United States, Canada and Mexico. And outside the region we have Bolivians (3.1%) and people from the United Kingdom (3.3%).

Country2012 (1)%
Canada2 4214.8%
Costa Rica1720.3%
The Savior3250.6%
United States of America39 84079.3%
Mexico1 5933.2%
Others4 9769.9%
Total50 243100%
(1) International Organization for Migration. World Migration. [accessed: July 2013]

Legal framework and government agencies

Instruments of international law

Belize has ratified:

  • The International Convention on the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families of 1990
  • The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol
  • The 2000 United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
  • The 2002 Protocol against the Trafficking of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air

Belize is a signatory to:

  • ILO Convention 97 on migrant workers
  • ILO Convention 100 on equal pay
  • ILO Convention 111 on discrimination in occupation and employment

Belize has not ratified:

  • Convention 143 of the OTI on migrant workers

Other relevant conventions and treaties ratified by Belize can be found on the website of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights .