El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. Its estimated population for July 2013 is 6 108 590 inhabitants (1) . The average age of its population is 25 years. With a net migration rate of -8.61, one of the highest in the world.
IMMIGRANT POPULATION BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN IN EL SALVADOR IN 2012
|United States of America||5 180||12.8%|
International Organization for Migration. World Migration. http://www.iom.int/cms/es/sites/iom/home/about-migration/world-migration.html [accessed: July 2013]
The increase in the total population of Salvadoran origin in the United States from 2000 to 2010 was 151.7%. From 2004 to 2010, the number of Salvadoran immigrants in the United States rose from 937,170 to 1,214,049 people, which implied an average annual increase of 46,147 people, that is, 4.41%. In addition, it is estimated that in 2010 the number of immigrants in the United States from El Salvador represented the largest migratory flow of the Central American population to this country.
Number of Salvadoran emigrants by country of destination, 2010
|Destination country||Number of Salvadoran emigrants|
|USA||1 214 049|
|Costa Rica||14 379|
|Other countries||10 298|
|Total||1 366 819|
Source: Center for Latin American Monetary Studies (CEMLA), Program for the Application of the General Principles for the Remittance Markets of Latin America and the Caribbean, The profile of the population of Salvadoran origin in the United States, February 2012, pp. 7-8, 9-16
Legal framework and government agencies
The law that currently governs immigration matters in El Salvador is the Migration Law of 1958 (with the latest reforms in September 1993) and its Regulations (in force since September 2005). According to current legislation, immigration control is the responsibility of the General Directorate of Migration and Foreigners , attached to the Ministry of Public Security and Justice. Furthermore, the Refugee Status Determination Law was issued in 2002 to regulate aspects of the legal status of refugees in the country. As well as the Special Law for the Protection and Development of the Salvadoran Migrant Person and his Family , the latter published on April 14, 2011. Among others.