International right

The section contains the main instruments of international humanitarian law and documents of the organs of the United Nations system on issues related to migration and asylum.

To this must be added the complexity of signing the different international instruments that seek to regulate legal relations between States, as well as to protect human rights. The main instruments are:

Agreements: A decision made jointly by two or more States, by a board, assembly, or court. The main legal effect of the agreement is that it is binding on the parties that grant it, giving rise to the same obligations and rights.

Letters: Used to designate official instruments of special solemnity, such as the constitutive treaty of an international organization. The 1945 Charter of the United Nations and the 1952 Charter of the Organization of American States are notable examples.



Universal Human Rights System

Refugee law

International human right

Protection mechanisms


Reports and documents of International Organizations

Conventions: It is a document entered into between States with a degree of formality less than that of a treaty. The agreements may be between two States, called a bilateral agreement, between more than two States, which is called multilateral, in which the agreement has a more normative character with respect to aspects contemplated within international law.

Codes: It refers to the unitary, ordered and systematized set of rules regarding a given subject.

Statutes: Statutes are the constitutive documents of an international body, an example of this is the Rome Statute, which gives legal life to the International Criminal Court.

Bill of rights or bill of rights are some of the names that have historically received political documents in which the rights and freedoms considered essential are listed.

Protocols: They are the voluntary agreements between two or more States that modify international letters or treaties. The protocol would be an addendum to the initial agreement, maintaining the validity of the main body, but modifying or expanding it in some aspects.

Resolutions: It is a written motion adopted by an Assembly.

Treaties: An obedience is established to comply with one or several points established in a formal contract and in which both parties agree to carry out certain actions and receive remuneration from the other party for their compliance.